2.5 In this chapter you must understand the impact of a healthy, active lifestyle on your skeletal system.

Function of skeletal system for movement, support and protection during physical activity

Ranges of movement at hinge joint at elbow and knee, ball and socket joint at shoulder during physical activity
(flexion, extension, rotation, abduction, adduction)


Participation in – exercise and physical activity (increased bone density and strength of ligaments and tendons)

Importance of weight-bearing exercise (exercises such as walking, running, tennis and aerobics) to prevent osteoporosis

The potential for injuries such as fractures (compound, greenstick, simple, stress) and joint injuries (tennis elbow, golfer’s elbow, dislocation, sprain, torn cartilage), and their treatment using common techniques such as RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation)


diet (effect of calcium and vitamin D on bones).