Science in the news
Welcome to the "science in the news" page, where you can find links to some of the amazing science breakthroughs that are happening every day!
- Analysis result of the proxy-method based retrievals from GOSAT2Greenhouse gasses Observing SATellite-2 (GOSAT-2) developed jointly by the Ministry of the Environment, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), and the National Institute for Environmental Studies was successfully launched on October 29, 2018 from JAXA Tanegashima Space Center.We will summarize the analysis result of the proxy-method based retrievals (methane and carbon monoxide) from data acquired by the Thermal And Near infrared Sensor for carbon Observation - Fourier Transform Spectrometer-2 on board GOSAT-2.
- Music can be a viable alternative to medications in reducing anxiety before anesthesiaMusic is a viable alternative to sedative medications in reducing patient anxiety prior to a peripheral nerve block procedure, according to a new Penn Medicine study. Patients commonly take sedative medications, like midazolam, prior to the procedure to reduce anxiety. In this study, researchers found a track of relaxing music to be similarly effective to the intravenous form of midazolam in reducing a patient's anxiety prior to the procedure.
- NIH publishes largest genomic study on type 2 diabetes in sub-Saharan African populationsResearchers at NHGRI have performed the largest GWAS study on type 2 diabetes in the sub-Saharan African populations, revealing an association between the disease and previously unlinked ZRANB3 gene. By using animal models, their results show that dysfunction of the ZRANB3 gene has major repercussions on insulin production. This link may hold key answers to the treatment of type 2 diabetes in all populations.
- Ivacaftor may reduce common infections in patients with CFPatients with cystic fibrosis who take ivacaftor appear to have fewer respiratory infections over time than those not taking the drug, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.
- Astronauts less likely to faint on Earth if they exercise in space; findings may help others with fainting issuesUp to two hours of endurance and resistance exercises daily during a long space flight mission, combined with IV fluid replacement after landing, helps astronauts prevent dizziness and fainting during normal activity when they return to Earth. The study findings also have implications for a variety of people with health conditions that cause them to faint when standing up, and people on bed rest for long periods.
Intel Young Scientists Awards 2014
Nathan Han, 15, of Boston, Massachusetts, won the Gordon E. Moore Award for developing a machine learning software tool to study mutations of a gene linked to breast and ovarian cancer. Using data from publicly available databases, Han examined detailed characteristics of mutations of the BRCA1 tumor suppressor gene, vital in protecting cells from developing cancer, in order to “teach” his software to differentiate between mutations that cause disease and those that do not. His tool exhibits an 81 percent accuracy rate and could be used to more accurately identify cancer threats from BRCA1 gene mutations. Applications for Han’s research extend from identifying specific mutations that cause cancer and other diseases, to advancements in the fields of genomics, bioinformatics and big data. The Gordon E. Moore Award, named in honor of the Intel co-founder and retired chairman/CEO, includes USD 75,000 in scholarship funds.
Runners-up honors went to two individuals: Lennart Kleinwort, 15, of Wurzburg, Germany, developed a new mathematical tool for smartphones and tablets that brings capabilities to hand-held devices, previously available only with more sophisticated and expensive computing tools; and Shannon Lee, 17, of Singapore, developed a novel electrocatalyst that may significantly improve batteries of the future.